The TRAI suggests ways to enhance Ladakh’s infrastructure and coverage based on the most recent data.

The government should fund the upgrading of existing non-4G cellular mobile infrastructure at 19 uncovered villages in Ladakh.

The Ladakh region’s remote parts might benefit from improved backhaul infrastructure and communication connectivity, according to recommendations from the telecom regulatory authority TRAI. To keep the demand for services from licensed operators on a waiting list, the regulator advised that telecom resources be pooled on available backhaul transmission capacity.


  • Ladakh’s many rural locations lack cell towers, which causes network problems, especially for residents close to the LAC and the Line of Control (LoC).
  • Trai suggests pooling telecom resources on available backhaul transmission capacity and keeping a waiting list of services that licensed operators want.
  • 19 undeveloped villages in Ladakh should have their non-4G cellular mobile infrastructure upgraded with government funding.

To enhance telecom coverage and backhaul infrastructure in remote parts of Ladakh, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has suggested a number of steps. According to a report by PTI, the TRAI’s suggestions include resource pooling across telcos on available backhaul transmission capacity and maintaining a waiting list of service demand by authorized operators.

Also Read: Limited BSNL 4G Services are Available in These Circles

Remote Areas in Ladakh lack Mobile Towers

Many isolated locations in Ladakh lack cell towers, according to TRAI, which causes network problems, especially for people who live close to the Line of Actual Control (LAC) and the Line of Control (LoC). The difficulty residents in the LAC area have accessing high-speed internet, which is necessary for pursuing online education and using digital banking, has also been brought up in media stories.

Gap Analysis and Evaluation

The paper claims that in order to develop its suggestions, TRAI performed a gap analysis and assessed the government-sponsored Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) programs. The regulator noted that three villages in Ladakh were neither covered by any programs nor included in ones that were already in place.

These villages would be covered by the “Saturation of 4G mobile services” programme, according to BSNL. However, TRAI has advised USOF to make sure the three undeveloped villages of Ladakh are included in this initiative.

Also Read: Over 2.8 million Subscribers Use BSNL Bharat Fiber FTTH Service

4G Connectivity in Ladakh

19 villages in Ladakh lack 4G connectivity and are not included in any active programs to bring about 4G coverage, according to TRAI. The government should use USOF to pay for the costs associated with upgrading the 19 communities’ current non-4G-based cellular mobile infrastructure.

“TRAI recommends that the VSAT connectivity offered under Bharat Net be able to operate as backhaul for 4G access in 12 of these 19 villages. Shared VSAT connections should be considered in the remaining seven unconnected villages until access by optical fiber cable media is made available to these villages, per TRAI standards that were emphasized in the study.

Also Read: Launch of Airtel 5G Plus in Ladakh

Fair and Non-Discriminatory Access

All active telcos in Ladakh were advised by TRAI to grant other telecom and internet service providers “fair and non-discriminatory access” to their extra backhaul transmission media resource capacity through lease/rent or under mutually accepted terms and conditions.

To aid in resource pooling across TSPs, TRAI recommends that a committee comprised of the TERM field unit of Jammu and Kashmir and representatives of all telecom service providers be established. The telecom department’s headquarters should establish a second-level committee to assess and address any obstacles regularly faced by any impacted entities.

Also Read: Increased connectivity in Arunachal Pradesh thanks to 254 4G mobile towers linking 336 villages

The Applicable Gross Revenue (ApGR) should be calculated by subtracting the fees paid by the lessee operator to any lessor operator for the usage of spare backhaul media transmission resource capacity from the lessor’s gross revenues. Licensed telecoms ought to keep track of service demand on a waiting list. The Department of Telecom (DoT) should set up a process to receive, look through, and analyze queue data from all telecom service providers, according to TRAI’s recommendation.

In addition, TRAI recommended that DoT conduct a site-by-site examination of every site being used by BSNL or any other TSP for VSAT in Ladakh’s isolated and steep regions. The government should be responsible for paying all operating expenses for any such locations that are maintained to meet its strategic or service delivery needs.

What do you think?

Written by Shallu Srivastav

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